Gir-Cow-Grassing-Jasdan

Gir Cow Breed India

Gir Cow Breed is very social cattle and spend a lot of time licking, touching and leaning on each other. The bulls tend to protect the herd and the whole herd protects the calves. The cows seem to rotate being nurse maids and a large number of the calves stay together with them, but as soon as there is a disturbance the whole herd will gallop back to protect them.

The average milk production for the Gir is 1590 kg per lactation, with a record production of 3182 kg at 4.5% fat.

Distinctive features of Gir Cow Breed & Benefits

Body Size:
The origin of the breed is in the Gir forest region and surrounding districts of Saurashtra region of Gujarat State. It is a moderate to large size breed. Cows weigh 400-475 kg and bulls 550-650 kg. The body colour is shining red to spotted white. Skin is soft, thin, and glossy. Occasionally animals which are predominantly white with red spots are also seen, according to Dr. J. V. Solanki, Dean, Veterinary College, Anand Agricultural University (AAU), Anand, Gujarat.
Head:
The most unique feature of Girs is their convex forehead, which acts as a cooling radiator to the brain and pituitary gland (source of growth and reproduction hormones). The animals have a big head with prominent bulging shield like forehead and a long face.
Ears:
Their ears are long and pendulous, opening to the front and resembling a curled up leaf. Gir ears are very large and are an excellent fly and insect swatter.
Horns:
Horns are set well back on their heads and thick at the base. They grow downwards and backwards with an upward curve.

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Color:
The vary in color from pure red to speckles, yellowish red to white with large red spots. Their undercoat is red.
Skin:
Their skin is darkly pigmented with short glossy hair, very loose and pliable. They can twitch it anywhere on their body to dislodge insects and have a whip like tail, which is deadly on insects. They sweat just like a horse.
Eyes:
A Gir’s eyes are hooded and black pigmented. They can close their eyelids so it is impossible for insects to annoy them. They have a lot of loose skin around the eye area.
Feet:
Gir’s feet are black and very hard.
Sheath:
The sheath is supported by a very strong panniculus muscle either side. The muscle can raise and lower the sheath at will. Sheaths are very neat and tidy.
Sebum:
Is a substance secreted in the skin, which is greasy and acts as an insect repellent.
Fertility:
Girs are highly fertile and calve very regularly. Their calves are born small so calving problems are unheard of.
Hump:
The hump on a Gir is considered to be the largest of the Zebu breeds and is very well marbled. It is used as a pot roast.
Temperament:
Girs are considered to be the most gentle of the Zebu breeds. They love being with humans. They adore being brushed and scratched on their big dew laps, around the head, and between the back legs. Their temperament is well illustrated in Brasil where the cow will come into bails to be milked by machines just like any Friesian or Jersey cow. They are very gregarious and at night form a circle very close together with their calves sleeping under their necks. Gir cattle are one of the three Zebu breeds used to develop the American Brahman. Two of the most famous foundation sires, Manso and Emperor, carried a high Gir content. This can be seen in their down swept horns, big humps, straight wide backs, and beautifully sloping, filled out hind quarters.

CROSS BRED cattle yield higher milk, but are difficult to maintain because they are prone to diseases, cannot be used as draught animals and their lactation reduces with each generation.

On the other hand, indigenous breeds are fully adapted to Indian conditions, yield milk of a higher fat content and the bulls can be used as draught animals.

One such cattle breed is the Gir cattle of Gujarat. The breed is known for its high milk production potential, heavy build and docile temperament.

Oestrus Cycle:

The cows come to heat (oestrus) once in 21 days. The oestrus period lasts for 24 hrs with prominent oestrus signs, unlike in other breeds where the oestrus period can be detected only by trained farm hands or veterinary personal. The cows are bred either by artificial insemination or natural service by stud bulls.

Gestation Period:
A well-fed Gir heifer can come to first oestrus around its 20-24 month and can have its first calf as early as of 36 months of age.

  • Gestation period lasts for 280-285 days. After calving the animal gives milk for about 310 days. In a year, a cow gives milk for about 10 months. This breed does not have problems of short lactation.
  • Many cows yield more than 12 lt of milk a day during peak milking time with a fat content of about 4.5 per cent.
  • Gir cows live for 12-15 yrs. and can produce 6-10 calves. There are many cows that produce more than 12 calves during their lifespan.
  • The calf can be sold for Rs.7,000 to 10,000 after four years.
  • The cows are not susceptible to any infestation and have good general resistance to disease and mastitis.
  • The animals are well adapted to hot and moderately humid climate. Bullocks are comparatively slow but have good draft power.

Animal feed:
Farmers generally keep 2-4 cows. The cows can be fed with dry fodder, green jowar, bajra straw, groundnut cake, and a mixture of concentrate cake made of (ground nut cake and cotton seed cake).

In an effort to preserve this breed a pure breeding programme has been implemented by the station progeny-testing programme at the cattle-breeding farm, Junagadh Agricultural University, Junagadh (Saurashtra).

More than 12 batches of bulls have been tested and male progenies of the farm have been distributed to the surrounding villages.

The National Dairy Development Board, Anand has also launched breeding programmes for preserving this breed.

Semen from Gir bulls is available at the Department of Animal Husbandry (A.I Station Rajkot) and Sabarmati Ashram Gaushala Project – Bidaj, P.O. Gujarat, Pin. 387 120.

For further details contact: Dr. J. V. Solanki, Dean, Veterinary College, Anand Agricultural University, Anand-388001, email: jvsolanki@aau.in.

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Read More About Gir Cow Breed

What is also little know is the fact that Indian cows and buffaloes produce a more nutritious milk than the exotic breeds like Jersey and Holstein-Friesian. A recent study by Karnal-based National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources (NBAGR) showed Indian cows have a rich A2 allele gene which helps them produce healthier milk. The frequency of this A2 allele in Indian breeds is 100 per cent whereas in exotic cattle breeds it is less than 60 per cent. Imported breeds posses A1 allele, which is considered to be associated with diabetes, obesity and cardiovascular diseases. Why do we want the future generations to be sick with lifestyle diseases?

Gir Cow Breed Goes Global Via Brazil

(Vijaysinh Parmar, TNN Sep 27, 2010, 02.19am IST)

Satyajit Khachar, Jasdan

Satyajit Khachar, Jasdan

JASDAN (RAJKOT): Given that the Gir cow is indigenous to Gujarat, local business should have been milking it to earn foreign exchange. But it seems far away Brazil is doing a better of this.

The South American country today has around 50 lakh heads of this unique breed known for high milk production. Gujarat is estimated to have only around 3,000 pure breed Gir cows left, according to Satyajit Khachar, scion of the erstwhile princely state of Jasdan and a known breeder of the cow.

And now, the Gir breed is set to go global. As Khachar puts it,

  • Brazil has emerged as the world’s biggest supplier of improved cattle embryos and semen of Indian origin, now rated among the best dairy breeds in the world. The demand is particularly high from African and Southeast Asian countries. The Indian ‘holy cow’ has turned out to be a great money-spinner for Brazil.
  • The focus of the dairy industry in Gujarat was on buffalo milk because of its fat content. So the Gir breed was neglected, resulting in the dwindling of both its numbers and pedigree.
  • Only recently, two containers with embryos of the breed were flown to Brazil to improve the stock of cows there. The embryos were developed in a laboratory in Bhavnagar which has been funded at a cost of Rs 2 crore by cattle breeders of Brazil.
  • The last major export of the breed to Brazil took place in 1960, after which laws made import and export of animals difficult. The South American country has taken very good care of the breed, but they need fresh blood every three to four generations because of which the embryos were flown there.
  • The Bhavnagar laboratory was set up in 2001. Khachar is exporting the embryos in partnership with a Brazilian firm. In Brazil, the Indian cows are known as the Zebu breed. Brazilian farmers first shipped three cattle breeds from India – Gir and Kankrej from Gujarat and Ongole from Andhra Pradesh, in 1850. These breeds were essentially for use in agriculture and for beef. But they soon found out that Gir cow gave large quantities of milk. Interestingly, pedigreed Gir cows in Brazil get the Pure Origin India (POI) tag. Each animal’s pedigree and DNA is registered with Association of Brazilin Zebu Breeders, an apex body.

Gir Cow Breed at Jasdan, Gujarat, India

Gori - Twice National Champion 29 kg/24hrs

Gori – Twice National Champion 29 kg/24 hrs

Reddi - 26 kgs 800gms/24hrs

Reddi – 26 kg 800 gm/24 hrs

Lakhen - 25kg 350gms/24hrs

Lakhen – 25 kg 350 gm/24 hrs

Moti Dhamal - 32kg/24hrs

Moti Dhamal – 32 kg/24 hrs

Gopi - 23kg/24hrs

Gopi – 23 kg/24 hrs

Nani Rupa - 23kg/24hrs

Nani Rupa – 23 kg/24 hrs

Rupa Dhebi - 27kg/24hrs

Rupa Dhebi – 27 kg/24 hrs

Pushpa - 23 kg/24hrs

Pushpa – 23 kg/24 hrs

Bagli Vod - 24 kg/24hrs

Bagli Vod – 24 kg/24 hrs

Bagli - 25kg /24hrs

Bagli – 25 kg/24 hrs

Sarju - Nationla Champion - 27kgs/24hrs

Sarju – Nationla Champion – 27 kg/24 hrs

Rupa

Rupa

Bagli Vod

Bagli Vod – 24 kg/24 hrs

Tetrino

Tetrino

Jasdan

Jasdan

Jasdan

Jasdan

Devkant

Devkant

Gir Cow Breed

Gir Cow Breed at Jasdan, Gujarat, India

The Gir Cow at Jasdan (Satyajit Khachar, scion of the erstwhile princely state of Jasdan and a known breeder of the cow) have eight national milk yield champion ship. Hiral produced 32 liter milk in 24 hours which is national record for Gir Breed Cow, Some of them cows give over six thousand liter milk in one lactation. Hiral producing 8,200 kgs in 305 days.

 Darbar Shri Satyajitkumar Shivraj Khachar

Pure Gir Breed at Jasdan, Dist.: Rajkot, Gujarat, India

For general information about Gir Cow

please contact: Gadadhar das

+91 8979892588 

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Gir Cow in Brazil

Gir Cow in Brazil

This majestic cow is from Brazil. Belonging to the Gir breed of Gujarat, this cow — named She-ra — clocked 62.033 litres of milk in a 3-day milk competition at the 40th Expaja in Brazil, beating her own record of 59.947 litres. While Indian cattle breeds are doing exceptionally fine abroad, the fascination of our own policy makers for exotic breeds seems to be never ending. Meanwhile, Brazil has emerged as the biggest exporter of Indian breeds of cows. Recently I wrote: “newspapers in Punjab reported that an American company — World Wide Sires Ltd — is planning to provide high quality semen to dairy farmers. Some days back, I had heard that the Kerala minister for Animal Husbandry was thinking of importing some improved cattle breeds from Denmark for cross breeding with local cows.”

180 replies
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  1. Chhayakanta
    Chhayakanta says:

    sir how we can import brazilin sexed semen of gir , or sexed semen of gir is available in India please guide

  2. gautam bokadia
    gautam bokadia says:

    hi i want to start dairy farm with gir cows at jaipur pl send me complete detail or any other cows who givs more milk thanx my contract no 09929555168

  3. indu shekar
    indu shekar says:

    Dear friends,
    One of my friend is selling Pure breed Gir and Tharparkar cows near Jigani Bangalore. If any one is interested please drop a mail to {Edited} so that I will share pics and contact of the person.

  4. Harshad Bambhaniya
    Harshad Bambhaniya says:

    i want to start new Dairy farming

    In Rajula Near Geer( Junagadh 120 kilometer away)

    But i am confused that weather i should start with Geerr Gaay or With Murrah and jafrabadi buffaloes

    can you please make me clear about

    How much liter milk we can get from Geer Gaay per day ?

    And How much from Jersey Gaay ?

    My Email : harshadbambhaniya89@gmail.com

    • Anonymous
      Anonymous says:

      I am from maharashtra I want a Gir cow to run my Dairy farm anyone can help me where from I got Gir cow.

  5. rajendra
    rajendra says:

    I want to buy 2 gir or sahiwal cows for my home, we are andhra pradesh, vijayawada, could anybody tell me the info where we can get near by my place..and cost for each one approximately..
    thanks

  6. Sunil Ware
    Sunil Ware says:

    Dear Sir,
    Details above shows that Indian gir milch higher(23-29 lit/day) than Brazil gir 62kg/ 3 days i.e duration of competition.
    the recorded Brazil gir milk is of three day competition, where as the examples of Indian gir given in the above text shows up to 81 kgs for 3 days.
    please confirm exact situation otherwise we have better strains which we fail to utilize .
    Sunil Ware

  7. Vikas Umate
    Vikas Umate says:

    Doing very excellent work. Keep it up Sir. May be after returning to India I would like to start Dessi COW farm, at that time surely I will call you for your valuable guidance.

  8. Syed
    Syed says:

    Respected Sir,

    I am interested in getting Gir cows for my current dairy farm, can you let me know if you can help me for the same.

    Thanks

  9. Narendra patel
    Narendra patel says:

    i want to start new Dairy farming
    In Dahegam Near ( Gandhinagar 20 kilometer away)
    But i am confused that weather i should start with Geerr Gaay or With H.F.or Jersey
    can you please make me clear about
    How much liter milk we can get from Geer Gaay per day ?
    And How much from Jersey Gaay ?
    And Where do i get jersey cow?
    My Email : divyadairyfarm2015@gmail.com

    • shripaltrivedi
      shripaltrivedi says:

      Hello,

      I am Shripal From Palanpur, banaskantha. I want to start cattle farm with minimum 30 to 40 cattle. I have investment of 10 lacs + 7acres of mine own land. Looking for business partner with minimum 10 lacs of investment. I have brief business plan and we can easily achieve 15-18 % return on investment with appreciation of asset after 2-3 year by 10%.

      if any one interested let me inform by email or whats app or call.

  10. Sachin Patil
    Sachin Patil says:

    i want to start new dairy farming
    in Islampur; Dist – sangli , maharashtra
    so please tell me which type of indian cow we purchase ?
    Which type of cow is benificial in our area ?
    they are found in which area?

  11. Rajeev Vaidya
    Rajeev Vaidya says:

    Namaskar sirji. I have a 5 acre of farm and started recently with 1 desi gaumata and jaivik kheti. i am planning to go ahead with 10 desi cow gaushala and start showing my nearby farmers to switchover to Jaivik kheti and gaushala to increase desi cow milk.

    It will be helpful if you write to me and give me details how i am going to acquire atleast 5 nos of Gir cow of 20 to 26 months old. I am very passionate about my cow. She was been brought from Bhivandi and when she came to us she was malnutrition and very weak. Now she is very very healthy and i am planning to breed her with gir male .

    Please advice sir. Eagerly awaiting your valuable advice for further planning
    Many thanks
    Jai Hind.

  12. Yugam
    Yugam says:

    I want to buy 5 GIR and 5 Sahiwal for my new Dairy Farm in village near Salem, Tamilnadu. Can someone tell me where I can get near my place and approx cost.

  13. Avinash
    Avinash says:

    I am Avinash from Pune. Is pune’s climate is suitable for this cow Pune is very hot in summer it reached 40 to 45 degree C in summer.

  14. Ashok sharma
    Ashok sharma says:

    I am Ashok Sharma have farm in kutch, wish to start with 5 cows dairy farming. Pl.guide me to start with which breed my inclination is to develop bloodline on desi different breeds. My contact no.09979867212, email ashok@clsharmagroup.com.

  15. Guman singh rajpurohit
    Guman singh rajpurohit says:

    I want to strart a dairy form at asotra 90 km away from Jodhpur Rajasthan i want 8-10 gir cows plzz tell me about these cows availability and how it’s fare??

  16. Anonymous
    Anonymous says:

    Dear Sir,
    I am Sagar Chokhar from Rahuri, Ahmednagar, Maharashtra
    I want 2Gir cows which is age something 8-9 month for home purpose so please tell me price of this cow & also required Gir semen from India or Brazil for new breeding purpose so what is the cost per semen with purity
    Please mail on sangitsagar2012@gmail.com

    I will waiting your precious reply
    Regard’s
    Sagar Chokhar
    Mob.09850288943

  17. Avinash Dange
    Avinash Dange says:

    Sir I had 26 honest an cows now I have sold them. Now I want purchase Geer calfs and cows so please guide me. I stay in pune

  18. dr prashant mahajan
    dr prashant mahajan says:

    I need to buy a Gir Gaay and a Gir bull at a place near Pune.
    Which is the place in Maharashtra where I can buy the same.
    Would appreciate response from somebody from Dhule due to geographical proximity,although I don’t mind coming down to any place in Gujrat also.
    Thanks

  19. Anonymous
    Anonymous says:

    I have a dairyfarm it have only baffalo but I want a new farm of cow . But not any knowledge about that .,any onehelp me I am from kolkata .cont.9681195105

  20. MANISH KUMAR
    MANISH KUMAR says:

    dear Mr.
    i want start dairy farming with 10 nos Gir cow in jharkhand,
    can you please tale us how much cost of 10 nos Gir cows and how much milk we can got every day.
    or please send me your concern also regarding the dairy farm.

    regards
    manish

  21. Blessingh
    Blessingh says:

    Hi, I am from Tamilnadu. I like to start a dairy farm with 10 Gir cow and 1 Gir stud bull. Kindly direct me where I can get pure breed Gir cow. I am not interested in cross breeds. Please contact me at blessingh85@gmail.com

  22. sunil
    sunil says:

    i start is dairy ,and i buy is all is desi cow ,so pls give is idea is where is i buy is cow best ,and which amount i start this . and best is desi cow which is have and where buy pls give idea .

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